中国给水排水2020年中国城镇污泥处理处置技术与应用高级研讨会 (第十一届)邀请函暨征稿启事
 
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中国市政污水处理的发展历史与未来展望 建国以来中国污水处理行业历经了怎样的发展过程?目前存在哪些机遇与挑战?面向未来的污水处理行业将走向何方? 近日,中国工程院曲久辉院士等多位国内行业专家对上述问题

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2020-02-24  浏览次数:119
核心提示:中国市政污水处理的发展历史与未来展望 建国以来中国污水处理行业历经了怎样的发展过程?目前存在哪些机遇与挑战?面向未来的污水处理行业将走向何方? 近日,中国工程院曲久辉院士等多位国内行业专家对上述问题进行了详细解答,指出了中国污水处理行业的发展方向。
青岛欧仁环境科技有限公司

2020年中国无废城市建设及固废资源化利用可持续高质量发展大会
 
中国市政污水处理的发展历史与未来展望
 

建国以来中国污水处理行业历经了怎样的发展过程?目前存在哪些机遇与挑战?面向未来的污水处理行业将走向何方?

近日,中国工程院曲久辉院士等多位国内行业专家对上述问题进行了详细解答,指出了中国污水处理行业的发展方向。相关综述Municipal wastewater treatment in China: Development history and future perspectives作为封面文章发表在期刊Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering(FESE)上。

中国污水处理事业始于上世纪七十年代末,尽管起步较晚,但在城镇化推进与环境保护需求的不断推动下发展壮大。特别是过去20年,中国的污水处理设施建设进入飞速发展期,污水处理规模迅速增长、效率不断提高,中国的污水处理能力和市场空间已跃居全球首位。

中国污水处理技术研发投入显著提升,先进工艺装备和技术不断涌现,并得到推广应用,科研群体人数和创新能力持续提高,已进入全球前列。

虽然中国污水处理行业的快速发展和取得的瞩目成就为支撑中国的社会经济进步和城镇化进程提供了有力的保障,但是,整个污水处理行业仍存在市政管网系统及污泥处理处置设施不健全、创新机制不完善、污水处理工艺可持续性差、污水处理排放标准与区域水体缺少关联性、“水处理—人类社会—自然环境”和谐发展的顶层设计缺少系统考虑等问题,需要在未来的行业发展中解决。

如何解决这些问题呢?文章中提到,污水处理行业有必要在管理、技术、政策等方面进行根本性的变革:行业目标从污染控制转向水回用、资源回收及生态改善;环保政策从关注末端治理转向实现综合环境整治;治理技术也更多元化,以信息技术、生命科学和材料科学为代表的第四次工业革命正在深刻影响着水处理科技的创新方向。

基于中国污水处理行业的独特背景和发展需求,曲久辉院士等多位国内行业专家于2014年共同发起“建设面向未来的中国城市污水处理概念厂”事业,以水质永续、能源回收、资源循环、环境友好为指导理念,推动了面向未来(2030年)发展需求、引领行业创新趋势的污水处理概念厂的建设。中国的污水处理概念厂获得了国内外普遍关注,目前示范项目已实施落地,推动中国污水处理行业迈上新的台阶。本文作者即为中国城市污水处理概念厂专家委员会成员和相关工作参与人员。

展望未来,环境保护需求紧迫、水资源紧缺、环保与经济发展相矛盾的局面将进一步加剧,必然给中国水处理行业带来更艰巨的挑战,同时也将提供新的发展机遇。中国水处理行业需要基于国情积极探索,在政策、模式和科技方面不断创新发展,探索可持续的发展路径。

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering是由教育部主管,高等教育出版社、中国工程院和清华大学联合主办、德国Springer公司负责海外发行的英文学术期刊,以网络版和印刷版形式出版。 主编为清华大学郝吉明院士和佐治亚理工学院John C. Crittenden院士。2007年创刊,双月刊,海内外发行。

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2020年, 第14卷  第1期
This article explains the adsorption, uptake and transmembrane transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by bacteria; the regulation of membrane protein function during the transmembrane transport; and the proteomics and single cell analysis technology used to address these areas of research. There are three different regulation mechanisms for uptake, depending on the state and size of the oil droplets relative to the size of the microbial cells, which are (i) direct adhesion, (ii) emulsification and pseudosolubilization, and (iii) interfacial uptake. This article gives a detailed introduction to its process. There are two main transmembrane transport modes are introduced, which are active transport and (ii) passive uptake. Active transport is a very important form of transmembrane transport, and this cover shows just such a process. Active transport has the following four characteristics: it can be transported against the concentration gradient; it requires energy or is coupled with the process of releasing energy; it needs to rely on membrane transport proteins; and it is selective and specific. [收起]
 
 
 

ISSN 2095-2201N (Print)
ISSN 2095-221X (Online)
CN 10-1013/X
Postal Subscription Code 80-973
原刊名 Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China 
2018 Impact Factor: 3.883
 
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» Special Issue on Bioaerosol, Environment and Health is calling for Papers
  2020-02-19
» Congratulations to Prof. Jun Ma, Editorial Board Member of FESE, elected as the 2019 Fellow of CAE!
  2019-11-25
» Call for Papers of Special Issue for 2019 China Urban Water Environment and Water Ecology Development Conference
  2019-04-28
» Congratulations to Prof. Jiuhui Qu, Associate Editor-in-Chief of FESE, elected to the US National Academy of Engineering!
  2019-02-18
» Special Issue on “Environmental Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance”
  2018-08-16
» Congratulations to Dr. Mark van Loosdrecht, Associate Editor-in-Chief of FESE, honored for 2018 Stockholm Water Prize!
  2018-03-26
» Congratulations to Prof. Jiming Hao, Editor-in-Chief of FESE, elected tothe US National Academy of Engineering!
  2018-02-09
» Special Issue on “Application of Environmental Genomics in Bioremediation of Persistent Pollutants”
  2017-11-28
» 2016 Excellence in Review Awards for Frontiers of Environmental Science
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» Call for Papers of Special Issue for Recycling Materials from WEEE
  2016-12-15
 
  • 2020年, 第14卷 第1期 出版日期:2020-02-15






 
 
 
 
 
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  • Cover Illustration

    2020, Vol.14  No.1

    This article explains the adsorption, uptake and transmembrane transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by bacteria; the regulation of membrane protein function during the transmembrane transport; and the proteomics and single cell analysis technology used to address these areas of research. There are three different regulation mechanisms for uptake, depending on the state and size of the oil droplets relative to the size of the microbial cells [Detail] ...

    Table of Contents

 

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ISSN 2095-2201 (Print)
ISSN 2095-221X (Online)
CN 10-1013/X
Postal Subscription Code 80-973
Formerly Known as Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China
2018 Impact Factor: 3.883

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来源 :http://journal.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/10.1007/s11783-019-1172-x


Front. Environ. Sci. Eng.    2019Vol. 13  Issue (6) : 88     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-019-1172-x
REVIEW ARTICLE  
 
Municipal wastewater treatment in China: Development history and future perspectives
Jiuhui Qu1,10(), Hongchen Wang2,10, Kaijun Wang3,10, Gang Yu3,10, Bing Ke4,10, Han-Qing Yu5,10, Hongqiang Ren6,10, Xingcan Zheng7,10, Ji Li8,10, Wen-Wei Li5, Song Gao9, Hui Gong3
1. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
2. School of Environment and Nature Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
3. School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4. Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21, Ministry of Science and Technology, Beijing 100038, China
5. CAS Key Laboratory of Urban Pollutant Conversion, University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
6. School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 212013, China
7. North China Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute, Tianjin 300074, China
8. School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
9. Jiangsu (Yixing) Institute of Environmental Industry, Yixing 214200, China
10. Expert Committee for China’s Concept WWTPs, Beijing 100044, China
 
 
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Abstract

The history of China’s municipal wastewater management is revisited.

The remaining challenges in wastewater sector in China are identified.

New concept municipal wastewater treatment plants are highlighted.

An integrated plant of energy, water and fertilizer recovery is envisaged.

 

China has the world’s largest and still growing wastewater sector and water market, thus its future development will have profound influence on the world. The high-speed development of China’s wastewater sector over the past 40 years has forged its global leading treatment capacity and innovation ability. However, many problems were left behind, including underdeveloped sewers and sludge disposal facilities, low sustainability of the treatment processes, questionable wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent discharge standards, and lacking global thinking on harmonious development between wastewater management, human society and the nature. Addressing these challenges calls for fundamental changes in target design, policy and technologies. In this mini-review, we revisit the development history of China’s municipal wastewater management and identify the remaining challenges. Also, we highlight the future needs of sustainable development and exploring China’s own wastewater management path, and outlook the future from several aspects including targets of wastewater management, policies and technologies, especially the new concept WWTP. Furthermore, we envisage the establishment of new-generation WWTPs with the vision of turning WWTP from a site of pollutant removal into a plant of energy, water and fertilizer recovery and an integrated part urban ecology in China.

Keywords China      Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)      Process      Management      Policy      New Concept WWTP     
This article is part of themed collection: China Urban Water Environment and Water Ecology (Responsible Editors: Shubo Deng & Huijuan Liu)
Corresponding Authors: Jiuhui Qu   
Issue Date: 22 November 2019
 Cite this article:   
Jiuhui Qu,Hongchen Wang,Kaijun Wang, et al. Municipal wastewater treatment in China: Development history and future perspectives[J]. Front. Environ. Sci. Eng., 2019, 13(6): 88.
 
 
 
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/10.1007/s11783-019-1172-x 
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/Y2019/V13/I6/88



 
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